Stages of Writing: Post #5 (Editing)

In looking for an editor, it’s important to keep in mind that not one editor fits all.  A lot of it will depend on your personality and the personality of the editors.  Different personalities work together better than others.  With that said, I’ll hit on the key points in the video above.

1.  Where Can You Find Editors?

Social media is an excellent way to find them.  This is why social media is so much more than telling people you have a book.  It’s about establishing relationships and meeting new people.  It’s about building connections you wouldn’t have otherwise developed.  I’ve seen editors on LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Kindleboards, Google+, and on other sites.  Maybe you don’t know any editors, but it’s possible someone on your friend’s list or in your group might.  Ask around.  Get referrals.

You can find them in person.  This is one reason why conferences are so great.  At a conference, you get to meet people in person, and there have been several editors at the ones I’ve gone to.  There are also writers who can direct you to editors they’ve used.  Another possible avenue is your local writing group.  It’s possible there might be an editor there or someone might know someone who edits.  Again, this is where ideas of referrals come into play.

This is why it’s important to get out and meet people, whether online or in person.  You never know who you’ll come across.

2.  How Do You Know If You Have a Good One?

Ideally, the editor you have is one who is familiar with your genre or knows something about the topic you’re writing about.  For example, an editor who is familiar with romances will be able to best guide a romance writer in how to make the emotional connection between the hero and heroine stronger through the conflict they face.  Another example, a person writing a legal thriller could benefit from an editor who is familiar with laws. The more your editor knows about your genre, the better this editor can help you.

Keep in mind that there are different types of editing.  There’s the edit that looks at the overall story.  How is the pacing?  Do the transitions between scenes work?  How are the characters relating to each other?  Is it believable?  There’s also the edit that is more specific.  Does the sentence flow smoothly?  Is a word repeated too much?  Could a different word work better?  Are there any consistencies?  Are your facts correct (ex. historical or legal facts)?  Then there’s the final polish up where the editor looks for typos and such.  You can have one person do all of this, but it’s helpful to break these areas up instead of having everything looked at one time.

A recommendation is to do the major edits before proofreading.  That way you did your big changes before having to polish up the small ones.

3.  Be Aware of Tax Obligations so Trust the Person Who Works For You  (This Applies to the United States)

One thing I learned is that if you pay an editor (or cover artist or formatter or anyone in a business related area) more than $600 in one calendar year, you will owe them a 1099.  I’m going to have my accountant issue a 1099 to my editor, cover artist, and the person who promotes me at craft shows.  So there are three people I will have to get a 1099 to for their work over the course of this year.

So trust is something you should build up with this editor.  If you pay them more than $600, you will need their social security number or business ID, name, and address in order to issue the 1099.  Anyone editing will have to consider what kind of client you accept because you might be asked to fill out a W-9 so the author who hired can get you that 1099.

You don’t need an accountant to send out a 1099.  Your payroll specialist can do it (if you use that service).  You can do it yourself.  But I choose to go with my accountant because he happens to be great at his job and is dependable.  Plus, I hate figuring out tax stuff and would rather have him do it for me.  What you do depends on your comfort level.

For those of you living outside the United States, someone passed on this book at Amazon that covers taxes for self-published authors.  I have not read this book, nor am I familiar with international taxes.  The best source of advice is ultimately your tax advisor.

If all that freaks you out, consider bargaining services. :)

Categories: Uncategorized | 6 Comments

Stages of Writing a Book: Post #4 (Critique Groups)

In today’s video, Janet Syas Nitsick and I discuss critique groups.  If you go to critique groups, you want to make any changes they suggest (that you agree with) before you send your book off to an editor or beta reader.  (Beta readers can work as a critique partner.)

One huge benefit to a critique group is that you have other writers looking at your work.  

I do believe it’s important to have beta readers who read your book through the eyes of a reader.  It’s also important to have other authors look at it because authors will be looking for storytelling elements and grammatical issues readers might miss.  So really, you need both writers and readers giving you input in order to make your story the best it can be, but above all else, this is your story so take everyone’s input with a grain of salt.  If they’re saying one thing, and you feel like doing something else, my advice is to go with your gut and do what you feel is best for the story.

Where do you find critique groups?

You can find critique groups by doing an Internet search of writer groups in your area.  I suggest doing a search for your state and look up writing or critique groups.  Of course, you don’t have to keep your focus to critique groups in your area.  You can find some online.  There are plenty of places writers get together on the Internet to share and critique each other’s work.  A basic Internet search should lead you to these as well.

Another way you can find them is through word of mouth.  By coming in contact with someone in person or through a social media site (Facebook, Twitter, Google+, etc), you might hear about a critique group.  This is yet another reason why social media is more than just selling books.  It’s a way to connect with people and find resources of what is out there.

What makes for a good critique group?

Honesty is a key element.  You want someone who isn’t afraid to tell you the truth about your work.  You need to hear the truth, even if it stings, and it’s way better to get stung before the book is published than afterwards.

Another key element is comfort.  You want the group to be a positive experience.  It’s hard to get in front of others with your work and expose it to the world.  But it’ll be a lot easier if you are in a supportive and caring environment.  You want to feel safe.  Listen to your gut.  If your gut is telling you you’re in the wrong group, get out.

What makes for a bad critique group?

If you’re feeling rushed or don’t have time to get sufficient input into what is troubling you about your story, this is a possible red flag.  Now, it is important to make sure everyone in the group has a chance to share their work.  This is why I like smaller groups instead of bigger ones.  But you shouldn’t feel like you’re in a race to finish reading your excerpt.

If the other writers aren’t valuing your input, this is another possible red flag.  Granted, they don’t have to accept your feedback.  No one has to do their story the way you think it should be done.  But if they’re arguing with your opinion multiple times, this isn’t a good thing.  Why waste your time giving your input if they’re not going to take it?  You have better things to do with your time.

If someone is treating you poorly, get out of the group.  If you feel like you’re being talked down to or someone makes a snide comment, you don’t need to put up with this.  They should respect you and your time.

How much feedback do you listen to?

Part of this depends on how many people are telling you the same thing.  You might not agree with what they’re saying, and that’s fine.  But if you are hearing the same critique from a few people, at least take the time to think over whether or not it’s worth heeding.  It’s possible they might see something lacking in your story you don’t.  As writers, we can be blind to how a new reader will look at our work.

Another factor to consider is what genre the writer writes in.  If a science fiction author is telling a romance author their story is too emotional (esp. lovey dovey) and needs more action, take into account that science fiction as a genre is more action oriented than romance is.  As a romance writer, I get tired of all the battle scenes in a science fiction book, but I understand battle scenes is something the science fiction reader wants.  So I wouldn’t advise the science fiction writer to tone it down on the battles.  However, if another science fiction writer were to say, “This has way too many battle scenes.  There is no real plot,” then my advice would be for the science fiction writer to carefully consider the feedback.

This isn’t to say you can’t learn something valuable from someone outside your genre.  You can.  Just be aware of the lens that author is looking at your story through.

Multiple formats are great.

Some writers like going to multiple groups to get additional feedback on their story.  Some don’t.  There is no right or wrong on this one.  You do what you’re most comfortable with.   Some people like one group and Janet does several, but she an extrovert and I’m an introvert.  This is one area where you have to do what fits best for your personality.

One thing I do think is useful, however, is for people critiquing your work to be able to read it if you are in person reading it.  I don’t think people catch as much by hearing it as they do by hearing it and reading it at the same time.

The best critique groups are smaller because you can gain more feedback.  Otherwise, you can feel you are rushing through something.

Final thought: Whether or not you go to a critique group is up to you.  In my opinion, critique groups are optional.  (Janet might have a different opinion on this than I do.)  To me, the crucial thing is having a good editing team that includes at least one writer and one reader.  It’s not the number of people you have looking over your story; it’s the quality of the people looking at your story that matters.  I have four people on my editing team (two beta readers and two editors who also write), and for me, that is enough.

So do what is most comfortable for you.  There is no right or wrong way to go about this as long as you’re taking every step you can to polish up your book before it’s published.

Categories: General Writing | Tags: | 11 Comments

Stages of Writing a Book: Post #3 (Writing the Book)

In this video, Janet Syas Nitsick and I discuss the actual writing part of creating the book.  You will have to find your own way of fitting writing into your schedule, but the key is you need to find time to write because if you don’t, the book will never get done.

So you need to explore what system works best for you.  For the busy mom, that might be writing in the midst of interruptions.  For someone with a “day job”, it might be writing during a break or when you’re at home.  Someone else might find it best to write at night, and someone else may write first thing in the morning.

Another factor is what your goal is for the day/week.  Maybe you want to have a daily/weekly word count goal.  Maybe you want to sit down for a certain amount of time each day/week.

Another factor is whether you want to plot our your book, write by the seat of your pants, or a mixture of both.

Also, some people write only one book at a time, and others can write a couple at once.

Find the methods that work best for you and do them.

But the bottom line is you need to write.  There will be days when you don’t feel like it.  Sometimes, you’ll just have to make yourself do it, just as you’d have to make yourself work at a job someone hired you to do. If you’re serious about writing, you need to do it.

Now, there are times when it really just isn’t working.  No matter how much you try, you can’t write.  In cases like this, find something else you can do during that time to be productive.  This could be writing and scheduling blog posts (which is what I’m doing today).  This post won’t go up until May 3, but I’m getting it set up on April 12 on a non-writing day.  Another thing you can do is catch up on your emails, work on your website, come up with a cover idea for your next book, or engage in social media in a meaningful way (meaning, no games or looking at pictures of adorable kittens).  You can do the games and look at pictures when you’re in your “free time”, not during your writing time.  The writing time needs to be dedicated to your business in some way.

Out of curiosity, what is your writing routine like?  Are you writing all throughout the day like I am?  Or do you set aside specific times to write like Janet does?  Do you have word count goals?  Are you a plotter, panster, or a mixture of both?  What methods work best for you?

Categories: General Writing, Schedules & Routines | 9 Comments

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